Nearly 80% of immigrants who move to Canada and receive permanent residency status find employment but what of those who seek temporary employment? There are currently over 470,000 temporary foreign workers in Canada, predominantly finding employment in crop and animal production, accommodation and service industries, manufacturing and clothing sectors as well as in entertainment and recreation, the arts, and private households.
Programs that allow foreigners to live and work in Canada on a temporary basis usually require a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).
Some foreign workers are exempt from needing an LMIA, however, all streams that fall under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) require LMIAs as well as some other immigration programs which will allow applicants to claim points for having a job in Canada.
What Is a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)?
A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document provided by the Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) to assess what kind of effects hiring international workers will have in Canada. The ESDC’s main aim is to ensure that all Canadians have a higher quality of life by endorsing a highly-skilled, efficient and inclusive workforce to boost Canada’s labour market.
Once the ESDC has assessed whether or not it is viable to hire an international worker there will either be a positive or negative outcome.
A positive LMIA shows that an employer was unable to fill a particular job in Canada with a Canadian or a permanent resident that is suitable for the position.
A negative LMIA shows that there are sufficient Canadian or permanent resident candidates that are eligible to fill the vacant job position.